Fountain Of Ideas For Progress
[ Proposal No.
POPULATION STABILIZATION IN
“ India is a
nation of a billion people. A Nation’s progress depends upon how its
people think. It is thoughts which are transformed into actions. India has
to think as a nation of a billion people. Let the young minds blossom–full
of thoughts, the thoughts of prosperity
A.P.J. Abdul Kalam
prides itself in declaring that India was the first country to adopt a
population control policy right from the first five year plan (1951 –
1956). Yet after fifty years the goal of population stabilization is still
eluding us. We have achieved remarkable success in Goa
and Kerela followed by Tamil Nadu, and to a considerable extent in
states like Karnataka, Andhra, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Himachal Pradesh,
concern is the large States of Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan and Utar
Pradesh, all of them collectively known as BIMARU STATES.
achievements in the field of family planning are noteworthy. The state has
successfully brought down birth rate from 24 per thousand in 1962 to 14 per
thousand in 1999. Besides family planning strategies, very low fertility
below the age of 24 due to late initiation into child bearing which is a
striking feature of reproductive behaviour of Goans by birth has contributed
to population control in Goa. However, in the wake of the economic
development that took place in the years ensuing liberation of Goa from
Portuguese rule, a tremendous influx of labour force from other states such
as Bihar, Rajasthan, Kerala, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh has
caused visible imbalance in the tiny Goa’s demographic profile.
reproductive profile of this labour population even after several years of
stay in Goa is evocative of the reproductive profile of the population of
the states of their origin that is of the BIMARU STATES and is the cause of
great worry to the Goan population.
are lies, damn lies and ….. statistics’, thundered a great legislator of
the democratic country in the parliament implying that statistics are used
and misused to cover the failures, misdeeds, omissions and commissions of
the rulers. The party in power will help even the foreigners and treat them
as citizens of India, if the measure helps them to brighten their electoral
prospects and also helps them to come to power as it has happened in the
case of Bangladeshies in Assam. The issue continues to be a thorn in the
flesh of Assamese, who are forced to live in peace with the problem. Same
attitude is discernible in policy decisions on the population control in Goa
which are indeed intended to strengthen the vote banks of political parties
by helping the influx and growth of labour population from other states.
averages conceal gross disparities in variables under study. Therefore, the
present birth rate of 14 per thousand should not lead us to conclude that
all is well on the front of population control in Goa. Goa’s population
control programme should address effectively to the BIMARU STATES within the
State of Goa., represented by the settlements of labourers from these
states, as otherwise there is a great danger of Goa’s identity being
dissolved and disappearing in thin air in the years to come. The process is
under way for many years.
indices are no doubt useful for economic planning but they cannot serve the
purpose of measuring peoples aspirations. Ultimately it is the quality of
life and the level of satisfaction in the population, and not just vital
indicators, that should measure the level of progress and development.
Goa’s population control programme should be guided by these
contribution by a founder member of Goa Su-Raj Party.